India’s public officials and politicians continue to be perceived as “highly corrupt” by global experts and business surveys, says the latest Corruption Perception Index (CPI) released by the Transparency International.
With “Integrity Score” of 3.4, the CPI 2009 has ranked India 84th among the 180 countries surveyed, below other developing economies like Brazil (3.7) and China (3.6).
“The CPI measures perceived levels of public sector corruption in a given country and is a composite index, drawing on 13 different expert and business surveys,” says Chairman of the Transparency International India Admiral RH Tahiliani (retd).
The 2009 edition analysed 180 countries, the same number as the 2008 CPI. Last year also, India scored 3.4, dropping from 3.5 in 2007. “We can, however, derive solace from the fact that with the exception of Bhutan, which scored 5.0, India is at the top among other South Asian countries.”
Pakistan with a score of 2.4 is ranked 139th on the list followed by Bangladesh (2.4), Nepal (2.3), Maldives (2.5) and Sri Lanka (3.1). In fact, nearly half of the 180 countries have scored three or even lower points, a clear indication that corruption is perceived to be rampant worldwide.
Haiti, Iraq, Myanmar and Somalia have recorded the score of less than 1.5, while leaders of the pack are New Zealand (9.4), Denmark (9.3) and Singapore and Sweden (9.2).
How world perceived India has a direct impact on the FDI, says Tahiliani, adding that “since India is perceived as a developing economy we manage to attract money, but we could get much more FDI if our rating increases”.
A vast majority of the 180 countries included in the 2009 index scored below five on a scale of zero (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 10 (perceived to have low levels corruption).
“The Transparency International has found that a strong correlation between corruption and poverty continues to exist, jeopardising the global fight against poverty and threatening to derail UN Millennium Development Goals,” Tahiliani adds.